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What is Cancer Cell Metastasis and How Tumours Are Formed in Breasts

Cancer is a dreadful disease all over the world. If it is diagnosed early, it can be cured. But in most of the cases, people get to know about it in final stages. It is because the signs of the disease remain latent in the initial stages. They become apparent in the later stages. By this stage, the disease can only be treated or unfortunately the inevitable death can only be delayed.

The treatment techniques of cancer like Chemotherapy, Surgery or Radiation therapy are effective relatively. But all three of them come along with unavoidable and harmful side effects apart from being costly.

The process which decides getting cured or simply be treated for cancer disease is Metastasis. It is the technical name given to the ability of the cancer cells to spread and affect healthy cells in remote corners of the body. If cancer is diagnosed prior to the commencement of this stage, it can be cured. Else it can only be treated.

About the Chemical PLCy1: Until December 2008, the mechanism of metastasis was poorly understood by the doctors. It required detailed understanding of how cells moved, got divided, changed their shape and also knowledge about the movement of components inside these cells. That year a team of researchers from the The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, learnt about a chemical enzyme called Phospholipase Cy1 (PLCy1). Enzymes like PLCy1 are naturally present chemical substances which assists the various parts of our body to function properly.

How PLCy1 Causes Metastasis and Forms Tumours: Research revealed that PLCy1 is the key player in Metastasis process. Its role is so crucial that stopping this chemical from its normal activities in a patient’s body can itself be a treatment process of cancer. The study also found that PLCy1 is required to attacking the healthy cells of breasts in women, make them malignant or cancerous and then activate the components in these cells which can make them mobile. In this way, the cancerous cells start spreading from an isolated spot to remote corners of the body through the blood stream. It also triggers the ability in these cancer cells to bind. When this process gains momentum, lumps of malignant cancer cells called tumours are formed in the breasts.

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