Type 2 Diabetes Can be Predicted in Childhood Itself

Type 2 Diabetes along with Obesity were the two national epidemics for the year 2009 in the United States. The nexus between these two body disorders is known to doctors for quite some time now. But they are still unable to find the reason behind this nexus. According to an estimation, Type 2 Diabetes starts affecting our body as early as 13 years prior to its diagnosis. It destroys the natural ability of our body to protect itself in stages. Most of the time the signs of onset of this disorder remain latent. They become apparent in the final stages when it becomes impossible for recovering from this disorder.

Knowledge Gained from Research on Diabetes Diagnosis on June 2009:

  • It was found that the glucose level, during the fasting period, starts rising even before 13 years of diagnosis of diabetes.
  • However, the effects become profound during the last 3 years prior to diagnosing the disease.
  • It is during these 3 years, prior to the diagnosing of the disease, that the glucose level after eating is high too.
  • The body stops responding to insulin 5 years prior to diabetes diagnosis.
  • The pancreas start producing more insulin to check the glucose levels 3 to 4 years prior to diagnosis. By the time, the disease is diagnosed, the pancreas are tired of producing insulin completely.
  • There are three phases prior to diagnosis of this disease. They form the time line of Diabetes.

The Time Line of Diabetes:

Phase Years Prior to Diagnosis Damage Status Prevention Steps
1. 6 years and Above Insulin Secretion and Resistance Dietary Changes, Exercise and weight lose
2. Between 3 – 4 years High Insulin Production Aggressive Life Style Changes and Medication like Metformin required
3. Diagnosed Pre-Diabetic Low Insulin Production and High Glucose Levels Too Late for Prevention

Latest research studies (dated Jan.2010) done on this topic, report that it is possible to predict the risk of getting this disorder in early childhood itself.

Knowledge Gained from Research Recently:

  • The research studies were conducted at Princeton and at the National Growth and Health Institutes.
  • In Princeton study, there 822 black and white school going children as participants.
  • The study dates back to 1973-76 and was carried out for 22-30 years.
  • All these years, the blood sugar levels of these participants were monitored.
  • It was learnt that individuals are more likely to get diabetes at age 39 years if the following parameters were high in their childhood:
    • Blood Pressure upper mark
    • Ratio between height and weight (technically called body mass index)
    • Sugar levels above 100 milligrams per deciliter
    • Low high-density lipoprotein or “good” cholesterol levels
  • When these parameters are below 75 percentile in childhood, the likelihood of getting diabetes between 22-30 years is below one percent.
  • The National Growth and Health Study found that childhood high blood pressure upper mark, sugar levels in blood and having a parent with diabetes increases the risk of getting diabetes at age 19.

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