Brain Chemical Which Can Treat Obesity is Discovered
Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes are national epidemics in the United States. Both these disorders require effective treatment techniques. The wait may be over for treating obesity if reports of the latest discovery by researchers from Brown University, Rhode Island Hospital and the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center are to be believed. This article tries to gain further insight on their latest findings (dated December 2009).
Basics to appreciate their research findings: Every function in the human body is a chemical reaction primarily. There are naturally available chemical substance sin our body which help help in carrying out these chemical reactions properly. Such chemicals are called Enzymes. One such enzyme is called the Sirt1 . Earlier the role of this enzyme was studied in organs like liver and pancreas only. The researchers tried to understand the role of this enzyme in brain and discovered new things.
Knowledge Gained from the Research Study:
- Sirt1 enzyme’s presence in brain can make people thin.
- The technique is to control the activities of this enzyme in a particular location of the brain.
- This location is called the hypothalamic region from where the enzyme Sirt1 controls the intake of food in to the body.
- Researchers believe that this particular finding opens new possibilities to treat the epidemic of Obesity.
- They believe that the enzyme Sirt1 and longer life are related to each other.
- Fasting and drinking wine are natural ways to activate the enzyme Sirt1.
- Both these practices are known to enhance longevity of life.
- It is the first time the researchers could finding the relation between obesity and the enzyme to be true in the case of humans.
- Earlier such results were found to hold good for experimental rats only.
Dr.Eduardo Nillni, professor of medicine (research) at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, and his team carried out this study. The research study was funded by the National institute of health. However, further research is to be carried out to understand how the enzyme Sirt1 works inside the brain obese animals, during their food intake. The role of fasting and wine drinking as Sirt1 activators is still not clear.