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Can Robots Perform Heart Operations Soon

Robots are one of the modern marvels of engineering. They are human instructed machines. The useful of these machines are plenty. According to a latest research report, published in the International Journal of Robotics Research, the robots can be used to perform operation on human heart. This article tries to gin further insight on this topic.

It is very important for the doctors to lower the heart beat when they perform any operation on it. Since the heart beat cannot be stopped completely, operating with sharp surgical instruments on a beating heart always involves risks. Now this problem can be addressed by seeking the help of robots while performing the operation.

Knowledge Gained from the Research:

  • The new technology in the robots can predict the movements of the heart in prior.
  • Based on these predictions the surgical instruments move along with the movements of the heart simultaneously.
  • This creates an impression to the surgeons that the heart is stationary.
  • Because of this new development in the field of heart surgery, millions of heart patients undergoing surgery will benefited.
  • The benefits of this new development will also be applicable for brain surgery.

Three researchers Rogério Richa, Philippe Poignet and Chao Liu from Montpellier Laboratory of Informatics, Robotics, and Microelectronics, France have developed a technique which mimicked the motion of the surface of the heart while it beats. This technique is based on the application of knowledge in mathematics to computers. As a result a picture of the predicted motion of the beating heart can be seen on a computer screen. Such a picture showing all the portions of the organ simultaneously is called a three dimensional image.

Though robots were part of different kinds of operations and surgery for past 10 years, a two dimensional, static picture of the heart’s surface was only available to the doctors until now. Because of the availability of this technique, heart surgeons all over the world can perform complicated heart operations too. Earlier doctors did nor agree to perform such operations considering the threat involved to life in comparison to the benefits. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2009, $304.6 billion will be spend on heart disease in the United States. Let us hope that this latest development can bring down the cost associated with heart disease to bare minimum too.

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