What is the Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever

The Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever is caused by the Ebola Virus. It was discovered in 1976 in the Central African country of Zaire. The origin of this virus in nature is not known yet. There is no cure or treatment for this fever until now. This fever affects people when they in direct contact with virus-infected blood, semen or other body fluids. It is found to be infectious too. 50-90 percent people die from this fever. In 1989, there was an outbreak of this obscure fever in Reston, Virginia in United States. This article tries to gain further insight on this mysterious type of fever.

Symptoms of Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever: Once a person is infected by the virus, it takes 2-21 days for the following symptoms of Hemorrhagic fever to become apparent.

  • Sudden onset of fever
  • Muscle pain
  • Headache
  • Intense fatigue
  • Sore throat
  • Rashes in the skin
  • Diarrhoea
  • Vomiting
  • Malfunction of Liver
  • Malfunction of Kidney
  • Bleeding

How Ebola Virus Affects the Body: Bloods flows through thin tube like structures called blood vessels in our body. The inner surface of these tubes are separated by the outer surface by a layer called Endothelium. This layer makes sures that the blood flows through the vessels smoothly. Ebola Virus damages this layer. As a result, the volume of blood decreases in the blood vessels. This medical condition is called hypovolemic shock.

Diagnosis and Risks associated with this Fever: Diagnosis requires testing of blood samples in special laboratory. The blood sample is to be handled carefully. Otherwise, the fever can spread from this blood. People who travel to the fever affected region, Caretakers and family members of the affected patients and people living in the villages and small towns of Central African countries always are at high risks of getting this fever.

Steps to Prevent Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever: This fever can only be prevented. In most of the cases, patient is taken to hospital. The medical care takers like nurses should be well trained in their job to handle this fever patients. Poor nursing techniques increases the spread of this fever. The fever patients should be quickly shifted to new places. People working this area or those who come to visit these patients should wear gown, mask, and gloves. Needles and syringes used during the care taking of these patients should be sterilized and disposed off carefully and responsibly.

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