Uterine Cancer Symptoms
The uterus is a pear shaped reproductive organ which is situated in the pelvis. Pelvis is the place below the stomach and between the hip bones. The uterus is one of the female reproductive organ and it is that place where the baby grows during pregnancy. The uterus gets enlarged accordingly to hold the baby.
What is Uterine Cancer?
The cancers are named according to the body parts get affected. Uterine cancer is a type of gynecological cancer which affects the uterus. It might happen in the early menopause stage or just before that. Uterine cancer is the forth common type of cancer found in women in the United States.
The uterine cancer might be treated using surgery. The other treatments available for this cancer are chemotherapy, radiation, hormone therapy etc. Surgery is the most common type of treatment used to treat uterine cancer.
Types of Uterine Cancer
The endometrial cancer is the most common cancer which affects the uterus. 95 percent of the uterine cancers come under this category. These are called Adenocarcinomas. The endometrium is the lining of the uterus. The cancer which affects the endometrial lining is called endometrial cancer.
Another type of uterine cancer is Sarcoma. It might affect the muscle cells of uterus.
Uterine Cancer Symptoms
A women might get affected by uterine cancer after the menopause. Vaginal bleeding is the most important symptom of uterine cancer.
The primary symptoms include:
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Unusual discharge from the vagina
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Watery or bloody flow from the vagina
- Pelvic pain and pressure
The exact cause of uterine cancer disease are not known yet. However, increased levels of the hormone estrogen is found to be one of the primary risk factors. Women belonging to the age group of 60-70 years are at high risk of getting this cancer.
Complications which Increase the Severity of Uterine Cancer Symptoms:
- Colon cancer
- Breast Cancer
- High blood pressure
- Polycystic ovarian disease
- Delayed menopause commencement after the age of 50
- Early menopause commencement before the age of 12
- Infrequent periods
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
- History of endometrial polyps
- Benign growths in the uterine lining
- Heavy daily alcohol consumption
- Never being pregnant
- Inability to become pregnant or infertility
- Usage of the drug Tamoxifen for breast cancer treatment
- Estrogen replacement therapy without the use of progesterone
- Undergoing pelvic radiation therapy
Facts and Statistics on Uterine Cancer:
- According to the National Cancer Institute, an estimated 43,470 new cases and 7,950 deaths are reported from Uterine cancer this year (2010), in the United States.
- The one year survival rate of this cancer is 92 percent. Five year survival rate when diagnosed early is 95 percent. Otherwise it is 23 percent.
- African -American women are at higher risk of losing their lives because of this disease.
- In stage one, the cancer is constrained to the uterus. In the next stage, the cervix gets affected.
- In 70-75 percent women, the disease gets diagnosed when it is in this stage.
- In stage three, the disease spreads to the lymph nodes of the pelvis and in the major artery in the abdomen called the aorta.
- In the final stage, the inner surface of the bladder, bowel, abdomen or other organs get affected.
- In 10-15 percent of women, the disease is diagnosed when it is in second, third or final stage.
- According to the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics:
- Though treatment of this disease depends on factors like over all health and the stage of cancer, a surgery known as hysterectomy is usually performed to remove the uterus and lower the risks.
- Hormone therapy and radiation therapy are the other two treatment options.
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