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Ovarian Cancer Symptoms

The Ovaries
A woman has two ovaries. They are a part of woman’s reproductive system. The ovaries are situated in each sides of the pelvis. The female reproductive hormones estrogen and progesterone are produced in the ovaries. The eggs are released by the ovaries. When an egg is produced it go through the fallopian tube to the uterus. The uterus or womb is the place where a baby grows during pregnancy.

What is Ovarian Cancer?
The ovarian cancer is that form of gynecological cancer which affects the ovaries. It might take place in different parts of the ovaries. About 90 percent of the ovarian cancer cases are reported out of tumors in the epithelium.

In US, 21,550 new cases are reported out of ovarian cancer and 14,600 deaths are recorded in the year 2009.
The ovarian cancer might be treated when it is found in the early stages.

Types of Ovarian Cancer
There are three types of ovarian cancer tumors. They are:

  • Epithelial ovarian tumors
  • Germ cell
  • Sex cord stromal

Epithelial ovarian tumors: These kind of tumors develop in the surface of the ovaries in adults. This might be the mostly found type of ovarian cancer.

Germ cell: This might be treated as a rare type of cancer which is found in teenagers and children. These tumors are found in the egg producing cells within the ovary body. Only 3 percent cases arise out of this rare type of cancer in people who are below the age of 20.

Sex cord stromal: This is also a rare type of ovarian cancer tumors which might produce steroid hormones. It might contribute around 5 percent of the ovarian cancers.

Ovarian Cancer Symptoms
The symptoms of ovarian cancer might be non-specific or same as other diseases and conditions such as digestive problems and bladder disorders.
The women who are affected with ovarian cancer might be detected first another disease related to digestion and bladder problems.
The primary symptoms are:

  • Frequent urinating
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Pelvic pain and discomfort
  • Depression and stress
  • Digestive disorders
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Feeling fullness or pressure in the stomach
  • Pain and discomfort during sexual intercourse
  • Nausea, constant digestion problems and gas
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight gain around the abdominal area or sudden weight loss in some cases
  • Abnormal bleeding from the vagina
  • Dizziness and tiredness
  • Experience changes in the menstruation cycle
  • Unusual changes of bowel habits including constipation
  • Extraordinary fluid buildup in the abdominal cavity
  • Lower back pain
  • Pain in the legs

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