Cervical Cancer Symptoms
The cervix might be referred as the neck of the uterus. The word ‘cervix’ means neck in Latin. Uterus is the place where the baby grows during pregnancy. The cervix is cylindrical in shape and it connects the upper portion of uterus to the vagina. This connection is known as the birth canal.
What is Cervical Cancer?
The cervical cancer is a cancer which affects the women. It develops in the tissues of the cervix.
In US, 11,270 new cases are reported and 4,070 deaths are recorded in the year 2009.
Types of Cervical Cancer
The cervical cancer might look different under a microscope. There are two types of cervical pre-cancers as they appear under a microscope. They are:
- Squamous cell carcinoma
- Adeno carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma: Around 90 percent of the cervical cancers fall under this type. This type of cervical cancers spread from the squamous cells. The squamous cells cover the surface of the exocervix. It might join the endocervix after staring from a squamous cell.
Adeno carcinoma: Around 10 percent of the cervical cancers might fall under this category. This type of cervical cancer develops in the mucus producing gland cells of the endocervix. It might be considered as a new category because it is found mostly in women who born in the last 20 to 30 years.
Cervical Cancer Symptoms
The Human papillomavirus or HPV is the most common reason for the development of cervical cancer. This virus infection might be affected during sexual intercourse. The HPV might affect at least 50 percent of the sexually active people.
The primary symptoms of cervical cancer are:
The cervical cancer is a slow growing cancer and it might not show up any type of symptoms in the early stages. The women who experience PMS or pre-menstrual syndrome and Pain during ovulation might consult a gynecologist to clarify the condition.
The early stage symptoms are:
- Bleeding after an intercourse
- Unusual discharge from vagina
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Urinating frequently
- Pain during urination
- Vaginal mass
The cervical cancer symptoms in an advanced stage are:
- Sudden weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Leaking of the urine
- Pelvic pain
- Fracture in bones
- Feces in vagina
- Back pain
- Pain in pelvic
- Severe vaginal bleeding
- swelling in only one leg
The cervical cancer is the easiest form of gynecologic cancer which might be prevented. It is advisable for every woman who is above 30 to undergo Pap smear screening or pap test to detect the changes in the cervix.