A painful swelling of the pharynx and fauces is referred to as a sore throat.
Sore throats can be caused by various reasons. Some require antibiotics, some are effortlessly treated and some are hard to treat. Though the medicine is available in the stores to help reduce the pain — you will have to stay out the cause,
Main causes for sore throat
Colds, Runny Noses and Coughs:
Sometimes you can feel the mucus dripping down from your nose in the throat, which is called as postnasal drip. This can result in sore throat.
In case of dry cough, there are various products available in the market, which helps bring-down the cough and reduces the throat irritation. But the cough suppressants are not advisable in case of postnasal drip. At times decongestants works on reducing the postnasal drip, but for the viral colds, it may not be helpful.
Drinking lots of fluid will help maintain the mucus thin, because thick mucus is difficult to cough than the thin mucus.
Dry air leads to sore throat:
This is quite common – we usually see a lot like this during winter, when one forgets to fill up the humidifier tanks with water. If the air is dry, the throat dries while breathing and becomes sore.
Streptococcus causing Sore Throat:
The most common bacteria that can cause strep throat is Streptococcus pyogenes. There are various other viruses and strep that attacks the throat, causing strep. These viruses look similar in general but differ with a few biochemical facts. Negligence of strep infection can lead to scarlet fever.
Viruses causing Sore Throat:
There are various bacteria’s that spread over the tonsils and the mucus membranes of the throat. These bacteria’s will often lead to sore throat. The adenovirus is one of the viruses which causes pus and accumulates over the tonsils. Proper test should be done to see if it is the problem of strep. The body itself should get rid of these bacteria, because there are no antibiotics available for these viruses,
Point to note: Fluids and Tylenol will soothe the throat.
Common Causes of Sore Throat:
- Sore throats are usually caused by viruses (the same viruses causing, cold, flu or effecting the other upper respiratory organs) or bacteria (such as streptococcal infection called strep throat).
- Chemicals such as tobacco are also highly prone to sore throat, allergies, postnasal drip, and symptoms of cancer.
- Some viruses also produce blisters in the mouth
- Breathing through the mouth can lead to dry or sore throat
- Streptococcus haemolyticum and Arcanobacterium are the two most common bacteria, seen mostly in young people.