What is Myositis?
Myositis is disease which affects the muscles. It causes inflammation and degeneration to the tissues present in the muscles. Connective tissues in the muscles get affected and there form swellings. In short, the myositis is the swelling of muscles.
Women are more affected by myositis than men.
Types of Myositis
Myositis affects both adults and children. It might be applicable to all age groups. It might be the result of weak immune system. This might lead to infections due to bacteria and virus. The injuries and consumption of some medications also lead to myositis.
There are five main categories of myositis. They are:
- Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies
- Infectious myositis
- Benign acute myositis
- Myositis ossificans
- Drug-induced myositis
Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies
The cause of inflammation in this type of myositis is not yet defined. One person out of every 100,000 persons is affected by this myositis. There are three types of this myositis. They are:
Dermatomyositis:The symptoms of of this myositis might be visible in an early age. The symptoms might show up before the age of 50.
Polymyositis: This is mostly found in women like dermatomyositis and the symptoms might show up between the age of 50 and 60.
Inclusion body myositis: This is the type of myositis which is found mostly in men. The symptoms might be visible from the age of 60.
Infectious myositis mostly affects people common flu or influenza.A parasite kind of particle enter into the muscle tissues and the person gets infected.
Benign acute myositis
The symptoms of this myositis are unbelievable. Because they start quickly by sudden leg pain and make the person partially paralyzed making it difficult to walk.
In this, small lump is formed inside the muscle after a muscle injury.
Muscle inflammation might be the after effect of taking any medication or a variety of medicines. This is called drug-induced myositis.
The myositis symptoms are curable through proper rest, diet, medication, exercise and physio therapy.
The primary myositis symptoms are:
- weakness in muscles
- Pain in several parts of the body including hips, shoulder, arms and neck
- Swelling and inflammation which might result in heart failure due to muscle dysfunction
- Great difficulty to climb the steps
- Difficulty to lift the hands above the head
- Trouble in getting up from the pillow
- Difficulty to take breath and shortness of breath
- Inflammation in heart muscles
- Change in color of fingers and toes with tingling sensation
- Struggle to get up from a chair