Herpes Simplex Symptoms

What is Herpes Simplex

Herpes Simplex is an infection caused by herpes simplex viruses. There are two types of herpes simplex viruses: herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2). These viruses affect the skin and nervous system, causing small blisters on the skin and mucous membranes.

The infection with the herpes virus is categorized into distinct disorders based on the site of infection. Symptoms manifest after 10 to 12 days after the exposure of the virus. It mainly affects the mouth or genital area. HSV-1 infection affects lips, mouth or face and HSV-2 affects genitals, buttocks or anal area.

Here are few symptoms of HSV-1:

  • Lesions or ulcers inside the mouth and on lips
  • Cold sores
  • Fever blisters
  • Red, infected eyes
  • Increased salivation
  • Foul bad breath
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in neck area
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Chills
  • Muscle pain
  • Hearing loss (Occasionally)

Here are few symptoms of HSV-2:

  • Painful bumps or blisters in genital area
  • Enlargement of lymph nodes in groin or genital area
  • Burning and tingling sensation of the skin in the genital area
  • Genital sores
  • Flu-like symptoms like fever and muscle aches
  • Vaginal discharge in women
  • Painful urination
  • Headache

Recurrent Symptoms of Herpes Simplex are:

  • Menstruation
  • Fatigue
  • Trauma
  • Genital irritation
  • Physical or emotional stress

Facts and Statistics on Herpes Simplex:

  • Genital HSV-2 infections are more common in women than in men.
  • Nearly 1 of every 4 women is infected with this disease when compared to nearly 1 of every 8 men.
  • The virus spreads from sexual contact and a person who had this disease in past can also spread the virus.
  • In women, painful blisters appear in the locations like the outer vaginal lips (labia), cervix, vagina, around the anus, on the thighs and buttocks as specific symptoms.
  • In men, the regions where the symptoms are apparent include the penis, around the anus, scrotum, on the thighs and buttocks.
  • Shallow and painful ulcers are formed when these blisters break and take nearly two weeks for getting healed completely.
  • The second out break occurs weeks or months after the first but is less severe one like the succeeding out breaks to follow.
  • Inhibition period of this virus is very long and it stays in the nerves of a patient during the dormant years.
  • Men generally get mild and short lived recurrent symptoms when compared to women.
  • Fatigue, rash, headache, nausea, vomiting, tremor and seizures are some of the complications which patients taking medications of Harpes Simplex disease experience.
  • Pregnant women, people with weak immune system, people who have been through chemotherapy or radiation therapy and those who take high doses of cortisone may develop herpes infection in the brain, esophagus, eyes, spinal cord, lungs or liver.

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