Cat Scratch Disease Symptoms
What is Cat Scratch Disease?
In US, more than 21,000 cat scratch disease cases are reported every year. The records show that people who are diagnosed with this disease are bitten by a cat or kitten.
Cat scratch disease is caused by bacterial infection. One might get this bacterial infection when a cat or kitten bites, licks or scratches on the skin. It might lead to swelling in the lymph nodes.
Cat Scratch Disease Symptoms
A bacteria called ‘bartonella henselae’ causes cat scratch disease. The cat scratch disease is mostly found in children who play with cats in fall and winter seasons.
More than 90 percent of the people who are detected with cat scratch disease had got a kitten or cat bite or scratch or lick. The ratio of getting this disease in male and female is 3:2 respectively.
The primary symptoms of cat scratch disease are:
- Small blisters on the skin after a few days after cat bite or scratch
- Visible bumps on the area
- Marks on the skin which appear like a bug bite
- A wound mark on the area
- A small opening on the wound (inoculatoin lesion)through which the bacteria enter into the body
- Small wounds on arms, head, hands, scalp etc.
- Painless ‘inoculatoin lesion’
- 1/2 inch to 2 inches of swelling of lymph nodes in the arms, hands, underarm, elbow or neck
- Swelling of the elbow and armpit after two weeks if the cat has bitten on the hands
- Redness and warmth followed by occasional pus drain on the affected area
The general Cat Scratch Disease Symptoms are:
- Rashes on the skin
- Loss of appetite
- Sore throat
Complications on Ignoring Cat Scratch Disease Symptoms are:
- Erythema nodosum: It is swelling of the fat cells beneath the skin. It occurs mostly in the age-group of 18–36 years. Women are 3-6 times more commonly affected than men.
- Optic neuritis: It is swelling of the nerves of eyes which can lead to partial or complete blindness. The affected age group is 18-45 years with a strong female predominance.
- Uveitis: Any swelling in the interior of the eye is technically called so. It is the cause of 10 percent blindness in the United States.
- Hepatomegaly: Enlargement of liver is called so. There is an abdominal mass and generally this condition is accompained by jaundice.
- Retinal pathology: The group of kidney diseases which are of non-tumor nature is called so.
- Optic nerve disorder: These are the nerves connecting eyes to the brain and help in interpretation of visual information.
- Aseptic meningitis: It is swelling of the linings in the layers of the brain. It can be an indication of an autoimmune disorder too.
- Endocarditis: It is swelling in the inner layers of the heart called the endocardium.
- Osteomyelitis: It is an infection in the bone marrow. It affects the long bones in children and the pelvis in adults.
- Splenomegaly: It is the technical name of the enlargement of the spleen.
- Lymphadenopathy: Infection can cause damage to the lymph nodes which are a vital part of the body’s natural protection system or the immune system. the infection leads to swelling of this section present all over the body.