Tongue Cancer Symptoms
Tongue is a soft muscular tissue with several mucous coverings located in the oral cavity in the mouth.
Tongue cancer is the condition when the tissues and the cells of tongue become malignant or cancerous. Based on the location of the cancer, tongue cancer is of two types:
- Oral cavity cancer
- Oropharyngeal cancer
If you divide the tongue in three parts, the cancer in first two-thirds in the mouth is called oral cavity cancer. Cancer in the third part in the back third of the tongue is called oropharyngeal cancer.
Here are few symptoms of tongue cancer:
- Red or white spots on the tongue which have raised edges
- Difficulty in chewing and swallowing
- Sore throat that doesn’t go away
- There may be bleeding in the tongue due to injury to spots
- There may be signs of ulcer in the tongue
- Change in the voice
- Loss of the sense of taste
- Bad breath which continue to become worse
- A tongue lesion that refuses to heal
- A lump or a mass in the neck
- Swollen lymph nodes in neck
- Pain in the ear area
- Unexplained weight loss
Symptoms of Oral Cavity Tongue Cancer:
- Swallowing or chewing their food
- Abnormal bleeding in the mouth
- Lumps on the tongue
- Sores in the mouth or tongue
- A change in the sound of the voice
- Change in fitting of dentures inside the mouth
- Persistent sore throat
Symptoms of Oropharyngeal Tongue Cancer:
- Asymptomatic in the initial stages
- Difficulty swallowing food or liquids
- A lump in the back of the throat
- Unexplainable loss of weight
- Persistent sore throat
- Ulcer in the mouth
Facts and Statistics on Tongue Cancer:
- Tongue is the most common location inside the mouth to be affected by oral cavity cancer, in the United States.
- The average age to get affected with this cancer is 61 years.
- The five year survival rate of people suffering from this cancer is nearly 50 percent.
- However, it depends on the location of the cancer and the stage of the disease.
- Men belonging to the age group of 40-60 years in particular are twice at risk of getting this disease when compared to women.
- In 66 percent of patients diagnosed with this cancer inside the mouth, the disease is in the final stages denying any scope of cure.
- Lack of awareness of the symptoms of tongue cancer is the primary cause of spreading of this disease.
- Tobacco chewing, smoking and alcohol consumption are the primary factors for causing tongue cancers.
- Tongue cancer has the potential of spreading to distinct locations of the body like lungs, liver and bones if not detected early.