Prostate Cancer Symptoms
The prostate is a gland found only in men as it is a part of male reproductive system. It is of walnut size, located in front of rectum and underneath the urinary bladder in the pelvic cavity. It is an exocrine gland whose function is to produce a fluid that protects and nourishes the sperm cells in semen.
Prostate cancer is the condition in where the tissues and cells in the prostate become malignant or cancerous. This abnormal cancerous growth of the cells can lead to prostrate tumor in most of the cases. It begins in the outer part of the prostate and it is common cancer in men of age 50 and above.
Here are few symptoms of prostrate cancer:
- Hesitancy or difficulty in starting urination
- Frequent urination
- Nocturia or a need to urinate frequently in night
- A burning sensation while urinating
- Blood in urine or hemeturia
- Unable to urinate at all
- Blood in semen or hematospermia
- Painful ejaculation
- Erectile dysfunction or impotence
- Pain in lower back, abdomen, hip or pelvic area
- Loss of bladder control
- Unexplained weight loss
Facts and Statistics on Prostate Cancer:
- Prostate cancer is the most common cancer after skin cancer to affect American men.
- It ranks fifth among the cancers which cause death in men above the age of 45 years.
- According to the American Cancer Society, there were 192,280 new cases of prostate cancer diagnosed and 27,360 men lost their lives in 2009.
- More than 2 million men diagnosed with this disease at some point are still alive today.
- About 1 man in 6 is diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime and 1 in 35 men die because of this disease.
- 70 percent of men diagnosed with this disease are above the age of 65 years, as the risk of getting this disease increases with age.
- 80 percent of men who die because of this cancer are above the age of 70 years.
- African American and Hispanic men have a higher risk of prostate cancer when compared to white men.
- Genes have a very important role to play in passing over this disease from one generation to the another.
- The risk of getting affected with this disease increases as the number of family members diagnosed increase.
- There are two tests which find out this cancer even before the symptoms become apparent.
- They are the digital rectal exam (DRE) and the prostate-specific antigen (PSA).
- PSA test is more common and 90 percent of all prostate cancers are diagnosed in early stages due to this test in the United States.
- The five year survival rate of this disease in America is 100 percent and the ten year survival rate is 91 percent according to the latest data.