Leukemia is a cancer that commences in the blood-forming cells of the bone marrow. Literally, leukemia means ‘White blood’. It is characterized by excess of abnormal white blood cells in the blood. Leukemia is an umbrella term for several diseases.
There are more than a dozen types of leukemia. The following four types are the most common:
- Acute myelogenous leukemia
- Chronic myelogenous leukemia
- Acute lymphocytic leukemia
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Symptoms of leukemia depend on the type of the disease and differ person to person. Early signs may be non-specific and may occur with other types of cancer or with other medical conditions. Here are some general features and symptoms of leukemia:
- Pain in the bone and joint area
- Swollen lymphs in the armpits, neck, and groin area
- Loss of muscle control
- Vision Problems
- Loss of appetite as the stomach feels full most of the time
- Recurrent Infections
- Weight loss
- Abdominal Distress
- Unusual skin rashes
- Malaise or feeling of bodily discomfort
- Abnormal bleeding
- Excessive bruising
- Enlarged spleen, lymph nodes, and liver
- Fevers and night sweats
- Difficulty Breathing
About Acute myelogenous leukemia: 1 in 250 men and women are diagnosed with this disease during their lifetime. It is rare in people below the age of 40 years. The average age to get infected by this disease is 65 years and above. Exclusive Leukemia symptoms of this disease are: Pallor, prolonged menstrual bleeding, Neurological and coagulation disorders.
About Chronic myelogenous leukemia: 1 in 645 men and women are diagnosed with this disease during their lifetime. According to an estimation of The American Cancer Society, a total of 5,050 new cases of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) will be diagnosed in the United States during this year . Nearly 470 people of these infected cases will die during 2009 because of this disease. This type of Leukemia symptoms are rarely found in children and the average age to get diagnosed with Chronic myelogenous leukemia is around 67 years.
About Acute lymphocytic leukemia: 1 in 810 men and women are diagnosed with acute lymphocytic leukemia during their lifetime. The age group mostly infected with this type of leukemia are children and young people below the age of 20 years. It is common in children and rare in old people. According to an estimate, nearly 85 percent of children diagnosed with this Leukemia symptoms live for five years or more easily.
About Chronic lymphocytic leukemia: 1 in 212 men and women are diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic leukemia during their lifetime. There will be 15,490 new cases diagnosed with this type of leukemia symptoms in 2009 in United States. This estimation is according to the latest statistics released by the National Cancer Institute. It further estimates 4,390 people dying from this type of leukemia this year. The age group susceptible to this type of leukemia is between 40-60 years.
Irrespective of the type of the Leukemia people are diagnosed with, it is strongly recommended that they take up the prognosis process seriously. It will be extremely beneficial to them in effectively combating the dreadful disease of leukemia.