Kidney Infection Symptoms
Kidney infection is also known as pyelonephritis. It is a bacterial infection that usually starts in the bladder and travels up the ureters and leads into the kidneys. It is one of the urinary track infections (UTIs). An acute kidney infection starts suddenly with severe symptoms, and then quickly comes to an end. A chronic kidney infection develops slowly, grows steadily worse and may also lead to kidney failure.
Here are Few Symptoms of Kidney Infection:
- Burning sensation or pain when passing urine
- Dark cloudy urine that may contain blood
- Foul smelling urine
- Feeling of wanting to pass urine more often than usual and yet having very little urine to pass
- Pain in the lower back or abdomen
- Fever, shivering and chills
- Nausea or vomiting
- Fever, shivering and chills
What are Nephrons:The food we eat contains several useful and harmful substances. It is the job of the organ kidney to separate these substances. It also separates the excess water from the blood. This excess water of the body is called the urine. It is does so with the help of approximately one million filtering units called nephrons present in it. Each nephron is made of a filtering device called glomerulus and a tiny tube attached to it called the tubule. Together these two components of the nephrons filter the useful and the harmful substances. The useful substances get absorbed by the blood. The harmful substances like the urine are sent from the organ kidney through tubes called ureters to locations like the bladder from where they get excreted.
Acute Kidney Infection:
It is also known as Acute glomerulonephritis. It happens becuase of infection or swelling in the filtering device , the glomeruli. Some diseases (like IgA nephropathy and Berger’s disease) are also responsible for causing the infection of the glomeruli. The infection can be locally present in few of these filtering units or a wide spread one. Depending upon this factor, the signs and later the disease appears.
These symptoms include loss of proteins from the body through the urine, blood in the urine and gradual inefficiency of the kidney functions (within days or weeks) or leading to chronic kidney infection. This type of infection do not cause premanent damage to the organ kidney. When the signs are detected earlier and appropriate treatment is taken, complete recovery is certainly possible.
Chronic Kidney Infection:
Chronic kidney disease procedes in stages ultimately causing permanent failure of the organ kidney. The different stages of this disease are measured based on the filtration rate of the kidney’s glomerulus, called the glomerular filtration rate (GFR).
Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease:
|S.No.||GFR||The Kidney Function at this Stage|
|1.||Above 90||Slight Damage in the Organ|
|2.||60-89||Mild Decrease in the Function|
|5.||Less than 15||Require Dialysis or organ transplantation|
It takes years to reach this stage and that is why most of the people suffering from this disease know about it at the last stages. The organ transplantation is the only option to save the life of the individual. For the young patients of this disease, paying attention to the subtle signs of this disease is imperative. These symptoms include untimely and difficult urination, swelling in the face, hands, legs, ankles and feet, fatigue, itching, bad breath, abnormality in the functions of the taste buds, weight loss, shortness of breath, loss of concentration and leg pain.