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Kidney Failure Symptoms

The Kidneys are paired organs located on either side of the spine in the lower abdomen. They are bean-shaped organs about 4.5 inches long, about the size of a fist, and each kidney weighs about 4 to 5 ounces.

Kidneys have several functions. The functional cell of the kidney is called nephron. Kidney failure or renal failure is a situation in which the kidneys fail to function adequately due to several reasons. Some of the causes of renal failure are diabetes, high blood pressure, certain medications and allergic reactions.

Kidney failure can be acute or chronic. Acute kidney failure can be due to acute cases such as medications, allergies etc. Chronic kidney failure can be due to chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension.

Here are few symptoms of Acute Renal Failure:

  • Decreased urine production
  • Body swelling
  • Problems concentrating
  • Confusion
  • Fatigue
  • Lethargy
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Metallic taste in the mouth
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Seizures and coma may occur in very severe acute kidney failure

In advanced stage of kidney disease there is accumulation of fluid and waste products in the body. Some of the symptoms of Chronic Kidney Failure are:

  • Headache and altered mental status due accumulation of fluids in brain
  • Numbness in the feet or hands also called peripheral neuropathy
  • Chest pain due to pericarditis, fluid in heart
  • Shortness of breath due to fluid in lungs
  • Chronic fatigue and weakness
  • Puffiness or fluid retention around the eyes
  • All anemia symptoms like itching, easy bruising, and pale skin
  • Loss of appetite
  • Need to urinate frequently, especially at night
  • Swelling of the legs
  • Disturbed sleep
  • High blood pressure
  • Poor clotting of blood
  • Bone pain and fractures
  • Decreased sexual interest and erectile dysfunction
  • Metallic taste in the mouth

Symptoms of End Stage Renal Disease: When the kidneys fail to perform their tasks naturally, such a stage is known as end stage renal disease. Some signs of this condition are:

  • Total lack of urine
  • Reduced urine
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Coma
  • Seizures
  • Confusion
  • Drowsiness
  • Uremia
  • General ill feeling and fatigue
  • Dry skin
  • Pruritus
  • Headaches
  • Abnormally dark or light skin
  • Changes in nails
  • Problems in concentrating
  • Bone pain
  • Numbness in the hands, feet, or other areas
  • Breath odor
  • Muscle twitching or cramps
  • Blood in stool
  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent hiccups
  • Amenorrhea
  • Impotence
  • Insomnia
  • Edema
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease Symptoms:

    • Pain between the ribs and hips
    • urinary tract infections
    • Blood in the urine technically called hematuria
    • High blood pressure
    • Kidney stones
    • Liver and pancreatic cysts
    • Abnormal heart valves
    • Aneurysms, a condition where swellings take place in the blood vessels of the brain
    • Diverticulosis, a small bag like development bulges outward through the colon

    Pyelonephritis Symptoms:

    • Side pain
    • Back pain
    • Loin pain
    • Groin pain
    • Urinary frequency
    • Urinary urgency
    • Urinary burning
    • Urinary pain
    • Cystitis
    • Vomiting
    • Nausea
    • Fever
    • Shivering
    • Chills
    • Blood and pus in urine
    • Malaise
    • Weight loss

    Kidney Reflux Symptoms:

    • Infection
    • High blood pressure
    • Bed wetting
    • Protein in urine
    • Kidney failure
    • Abnormal urine flow from bladder back into kidneys

    Systemic Lupus Symptoms:

    • No symptoms
    • Weight gain
    • Dark urine
    • High blood pressure
    • Swelling around the eyes, fingers, legs or ankles

    Renal Acidosis Symptoms:

    • Growth retardation
    • Acidosis
    • Bone disease
    • Kidney stones

    Mesangial Proliferative Glomerulonephritis Symptoms:

    • Protein and blood in urine
    • Generalized swelling

    Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis Symptoms:

    • Blood in the urine
    • Cloudy and dark urine
    • Decrease in urine volume
    • Changes in the mental status like decreased concentration and alertness
    • Swelling of any part of the body

    Hemangiomas Symptoms:

    • Red skin lesion
    • Gray skin lesion
    • Purple-red skin lesion
    • Liver lesion
    • Rectal lesion

    Alport’s Disease Symptoms:

    • Glomerulonephritis
    • Nerve deafness
    • Blood in urine
    • Eye disorders
    • Deposits in eyes

    Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms:

    • Excessive urination – often clearer than normal
    • Frequent urination
    • Night urination
    • Excessive thirst
    • Bed wetting – in children
    • Dry hands
    • Irritability
    • Constipation
    • Listlessness
    • Fever
    • Diarrhea
    • Vomiting

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