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Kidney Cancer Symptoms

The Kidneys are paired organs located on either side of the spine in the lower abdomen. They are bean-shaped organs about 4.5 inches long, about the size of a fist, and each kidney weighs about 4 to 5 ounces.

Kidneys have several functions. The functional cell of the kidney is called nephron. Nephrons filter the blood to remove toxins, waste chemicals and water. This filtered fluid is then concentrated to form urine. The urine passes out into the ureters (connecting pipes) to be stored in the bladder and excreted by micturation.

Kidney Cancer: Cancer that forms in tissues of the kidneys is called kidney cancer. There are two types of kidney cancer: Renal cell carcinoma and Renal pelvis carcinoma. Cancer that forms in the lining of nephrons is called renal cell carcinoma and the cancer that forms in the center of the kidney where urine collects is called renal pelvis carcinoma. Renal cell carcinoma is the common type of kidney cancer.

Here are few symptoms of kidney cancer:

  • Blood in the urine, also called hematuria: This is the classic symptom of kidney cancer that occurs almost 60% of the cases. The urine appears slightly rusty to deep red in color. This blood loss also leads to anemia symptoms.
  • A lump or mass in the side or the abdomen
  • Pain in the side that does not go away also called loin pain
  • Unexplained, rapid weight loss
  • Swelling in leg and ankle
  • Hypertension symptoms
  • Extreme Fatigue
  • Vision abnormalities
  • Varicocele or the enlargement of testicle in males
  • Hirsutism or excessive hair growth in females
  • Pale appearance
  • Constipation
  • Night Sweats
  • Malaise
  • Fever
  • Elevated calcium levels (Hypercalcemia) when tested

Renal Cell Carcinoma Kidney Cancer Symptoms: It mostly affects men belonging to the age group of 50-70 years. The exact cause of this type of kidney cancer is not known yet.

  • Abdominal pain
  • Blood in the urine
  • Back pain
  • Enlargement of the veins around a testicle technically called varicocele
  • Enlargement of abdomen
  • Flank pain
  • Constipation
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Excessive hair growth in females
  • Cold intolerance
  • Vision abnormalities
  • Pallor
  • The cancer spreads to other organs like lungs very easily

Renal Pelvis Carcinoma Kidney Cancer Symptoms: It affects men above the age of 65 years more, than women.

  • Back pain at the location of spine and ribs junction
  • Discomfort during urination including pain and burning
  • Bloody urine
  • Rust-colored, dark brown urine
  • Flank pain
  • Fatigue
  • Urinary hesitancy
  • Frequent urination especially at night
  • Unintentional weight loss

Symptoms of Transitional Cell Carcinoma:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Blood in urine
  • Hydronephrosis

Less Known Symptoms of Kidney Cancer:

  • Fatigue
  • High blood pressure
  • Anemia
  • Side pain
  • Recurrent fevers
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite

Wilms Tumor Kidney Cancer Symptoms in Children: Nearly 500 cases of this type of cancer are diagnosed in the United States every year. 90 percent of children survive for 5 years after receiving treatment.

  • Impaired kidney function
  • Vision problems
  • Blood symptoms
  • Blood clots
  • High blood calcium level
  • Blood in urine
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • A lump in abdomen
  • Pain in side
  • Hypernephroma
  • General poor health
  • Polycythemia
  • Dark urine
  • Night sweats
  • Brownish urine
  • Constipation
  • Enlarged testicle
  • Excessive hair growth
  • Swollen feats and ankles
  • Lower back pain
  • Fatigue
  • Pain in the side

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