High Blood Pressure Symptoms
Blood pressure is two measurements: systolic and diastolic. Systolic blood pressure is the peak blood pressure in blood vessels when the heart is squeezing blood out. Diastolic blood pressure is the pressure in blood vessels when the heart is filling with blood, relaxing between beats.
A normal blood pressure in adult is 120/80. This means systolic pressure is 120mm of Hg and diastolic pressure is 80 mm of Hg. This normal range depends on the age. Children have normal blood pressure less than that of adults, around 100/60. Elderly have normal blood pressure more, around 140/90.
High blood pressure (or hypertension) is defined in an adult as systolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 140 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 90 mm Hg.
Malignant hypertension is defined as systolic blood pressure greater than160 mm Hg and your diastolic blood pressure greater than 100 mm of Hg.
Blood pressure is measured by blood pressure apparatus by putting a cuff around the right arm, inflating the cuff and listening for the flow of blood.
Hypertension usually causes no symptoms. Many people with hypertension do not know until their blood pressure is measured. Even if high blood pressure does cause symptoms, the symptoms are usually mild, vague and non-specific suggesting many different disorders. Thus, it is also labeled as “the silent killer.”
Sometimes hypertension symptoms manifest as:
- Blurred vision
- Chest pain
- Bleeding from nose
- Inability to control emotions
- Body pain (especially in the neck and the lower part of the head)
- Weakness and dizziness
- High sleeping tendency
Long-term hypertension may result in organ damage and much more complications.
Some of the complications of hypertension are:
- Heart failure
- Transient ischemic attack
- Kidney failure
- Outpouching of aorta, called aneurysm
- Peripheral arterial disease
- Damage of arteries
- Ruptured vessels in the brain
- Narrow vessels in the kidney
- Torn vessels in the eyes
- Trouble in memory
Less Known High Blood Pressure Symptoms are:
- Morning headache
- Ringing in the ears
- Increased sweating
- Frequent urination
- Double vision
- Red skin
- Pale skin
High Blood Pressure Symptoms During Pregnancy:
- Protein in urine
- Sudden Weight Gain
- Blurred vision
- Racing pulse
- Increased levels of anxiety
- Trouble in catching breath
- Abdominal stomach pain
- Lower back pain
- Swelling or puffiness of face, hands and feet
Facts and Statistics of High Blood Pressure:
- One out of every three American has high blood pressure.
- One out of every four American is at the risk of getting high blood pressure.
- This statistics comprises of 31.3 percent of the total population.
- An estimated 76.6 billion dollars are to be spent in the year 2010 because of the menace of high blood pressure.
- There are two numbers used to understand the status of blood pressure in our body.
- Systolic number is the first one which represents the pressure in blood vessels when the heart beats.
- Diastolic number is another figure which gives the pressure in vessels when heart rests in between two successive beats.
Blood Pressure Levels and Respective Status of the Heart:
|S.No.||Systolic Number in mmHg||Diastolic Number in mmHg||Status of Blood Pressure|