Bronchitis is the inflammation of the mucous membranes in the lung’s bronchial passages or tubes. Bronchial tubes (bronchi) are the airways that connect the windpipe (trachea) to the lungs.
When these tubes become inflamed, the irritated membranes swell and grow thicker. The passages get narrower and shut off the tiny airways in the lungs, resulting in coughing spells accompanied by thick phlegm and breathlessness.
Based on the causes and duration, bronchitis is classified into: Acute and Chronic
Acute bronchitis: This is usually due to an infection. Acute bronchitis generally lasts for no more than a few weeks (about 6 weeks) and it will resolve either with treatment or on its own. It can be caused by the same viruses that cause the common cold.
Here are Few Symptoms of Acute Bronchitis:
- Cough that brings up yellowish-gray or green mucus (sputum)
- Nasal congestion
- Shortness of breath
- Chest tightness
- A feeling of soreness in chest, throat and abdominal muscles
- Fever with chills
- Muscle aches
Chronic bronchitis: Chronic bronchitis is a disease that develops in people with underlying lung disease and may come and go but never gets cured completely. It is a chronic inflammation of the airways and may last for several months to even years. It may recur even after more than two years. Smoking, pollution, chemical exposure and genetic abnormalities are the causes of chronic bronchitis.
Here are Few Symptoms of Chronic Bronchitis:
- Worsening cough that produces yellow or green mucous
- Shortness of breath
- Chest tightness or pain
- Increased tiredness or fatigue
- Swelling of legs, ankles or feet
- Loss of appetite and hoarseness are other symptoms
- Persistent cough
- Fatigue or malaise
- Productive cough
- Cough with sputum
- Persistent winter cough disappearing in summer
- Mild fever
- Breathlessness on exertion
- Excessive airway mucus secretion
- Mild chest pain
- Clubbed fingers
Risk Factors of Acute Bronchitis Symptoms: 14.2 million people or 1 in every 21 people in the United States suffer from this ailment. Awareness about the risk factors which trigger the attack can prove handy to deal with this health complication.
- Cold and flu
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- Cystic fibrosis
- Injury to the chest wall or ribs
- Allergic rhinitis
- Exposure to second hand smoke
- Chemical irritants
- Air pollution
Risk Factors of Chronic Bronchitis Symptoms: 12.1 million people in America suffer from this particular type of bronchitis. Factors which individuals suffering from this disease should watch out for are:
- Recurrent respiratory infections
- Airborne pollutants
- Cold wet climate
- Damp housing
Home Remedies for Treating Bronchitis Symptoms:
- Half teaspoon of honey should be mixed with black pepper, clove powder and fresh paste of ginger. Giving this mixture to the patient provides relief as the tube between throat and lungs gets clear from the blockage created by bronchitis.
- Fresh spinach and half teaspoon of honey should be added in half a glass of water. Drinking this solution can be beneficial, as it is an effective home remedy for bronchitis.
- Drinking a glass of orange juice contained freshly crushed almonds in it can be very helpful.
- Taking half tablespoon of fresh onion juice can cure the inflammation and pain in the chest.
- Drinking a tea prepared from cloves, ginger and black pepper powder can provide relief too.