Breast Cancer Symptoms
Breast cancer refers to the erratic or malignant growth and proliferation of cells that originate in the breast tissue. The group of rapidly dividing cells may form a lump or mass of extra tissue technically called tumor. Breast tumors can be malignant or benign.
Initially breast cancer may not show any symptoms at all. But as the cancer grows, it can cause few changes. Here are few symptoms of breast cancer:
- Breast lump: This is an important symptom of breast cancer. The lump can also be in the armpit or above the collarbone. Often the lump is painless. The lump does not dissolve or go away but increases the size and prominence.
- Change in the size or shape of the breast
- Thickening in the breast or armpit
- Discharge from the nipple: Mostly the green or bloody discharge from one breast is concerned to the breast cancer. Other discharges don’t refer to breast cancer.
- Change in the color or texture of the skin of the breast. For example dimple on the breast or the skin that looks like an orange peel
- Change in the nipple such as scaling of the skin of the nipple can be a concern as breast cancer
- Nipple inversion that is a new development can be a symptom of breast cancer
Ductal Carcinoma In Situ Breast Cancer Symptoms:
According to the American Cancer Society, nearly 60,000 cases of this type of breast cancer are diagnosed in the United States each year. This accounts for nearly 1 out of every 5 new cases of breast cancer. This cancer starts in the milk producing tissues of the breast. Unfortunately there are no symptoms of this cancer except development of a lump in the breast and some discharge coming out of the nipples. In 80 percent of cases, a technique called mammography finds out this disease.
Invasive Lobular Carcinoma Breast Cancer Symptoms:
Lobules of the breast is the region where milk is produced. When cancer cells affect this portion of the breast, the condition is called invasive lobular carcinoma. It has the ability to spread the disease in other parts of the body too. Some symptoms of this breast cancer are:
- Development of a web like mass 2-5 centimetres in size
- Thickened area within the breast
- Change in breast skin texture
- Retracting of nipples
Paget’s Disease of the Breast Cancer Symptoms: Paget’s are malignant cells which change the skin of the nipple and look externally as eczema. The symptoms of this disease start appearing six to eight months prior to the diagnosis. Some symptoms of this cancer are:
- Flaky or scaly skin on the nipple
- Bloody nipple discharge
- Flattened nipples
- Crusty, oozing or hardened skin like eczema on the nipple or areola
- Burning sensations on the nipples
- The symptoms may disappear for a while
- Tingling, increased sensitivity and pain in the breast
HER2-positive Breast Cancer: It is a rare and tough-to-diagnose kind of breast cancer. HER2 is a gene that helps in the growth, division and repair of breast cells. When copies of this gene grow uncontrollably, a large number of breast cells along with cancer cells grow at a faster rate. According to experts, this breast cancer is a more aggressive disease with a higher risk of recurrence.