Brain Tumor Symptoms

Brain is a soft, spongy mass of tissue protected by the bones of the skull and membranes called meninges. Brain tumors occur due to uncontrolled cell division in the tissues of the brain. Tumor can manifest in brain, lymphatic tissue or cranial nerves; it is termed as brain tumor. As other tumors, brain tumors can be benign or malignant.

Symptoms of brain tumor vary from person to person and depend on tumor size, type, and location. The symptoms manifest when a tumor presses on a nerve or damages a certain area of the brain. Some of the symptoms of brain tumor are:

  • Headaches, which are usually worse in the morning
  • Seizures or Convulsions
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Changes in speech, vision, or hearing
  • Problems balancing or walking
  • Problems with weakness of the arms, legs or face muscles, and strange sensations in your head or hands
  • Changes in mood, personality, or ability to concentrate
  • Problems with recent memory
  • Cannot find words to speak appropriately
  • Loss of patience or tolerance
  • Loss of inhibitions ie saying or doing things those are not appropriate for the situation
  • Muscle jerking or twitching
  • Numbness or tingling in the arms or legs
  • Altered gait pattern
  • Frequent dropping of objects
  • An asymmetric facial expression

List of Most Common Brain Tumor Symptoms:

Acoustic Neuroma: It is a slowly growing tumor in the nerve of hearing, comprising 9 percent of all brain tumors. It occurs in the middle years. Women are twice as likely to get this tumor as males. Its symptoms are:

  • Loss of hearing in one ear
  • A condition called tinnitus
  • Dizziness
  • Facial paralysis
  • Loss of sensation of face
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Unsteadiness
  • Taste disturbances
  • Impaired eye movement

Astrocytoma: This type of tumor can be further divided in to three grades, namely the low grade, mid grade and high grade depending upon the severity of the malignancy of the tumor and its location. Symptoms of this brain tumor are:

  • Impaired balance
  • Vomiting
  • Changes in weight
  • Tiredness
  • Change in behaviour
  • Personality change
  • Tiredness
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite

Brain Stem Glioma: This tumor is more common in children than in adults. The symptoms are believed to exist 2.6 months prior to their diagnosis. These symptoms are:

  • Palsy of the soft palate
  • Facial palsy
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Pyramidal weakness
  • Gait ataxia
  • Dysarthria

Chordoma: Here the location of the tumor is either the end of the spine or the base of tne skull. It occur in people belonging to the age group of 21-40 years. Its symptoms are:

  • Back pain
  • Bowel dysfunction
  • Vision problems
  • Diplopia
  • Bladder dysfunction
  • Dysphagia
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Hoarseness
  • Neurological impairment
  • Spinal mass
  • Headache
  • Neck pain
  • Leg pain
  • Numbness in leg
  • Leg weakness

Choroid Plexus Papilloma: This tumor affects children below the age of 12 years mostly though it is rare. The location of this tumor is the lateral ventricle. In adults, the location is the fourth ventricle. Symptoms of this tumor are:

  • Pressure within the skull
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Enlargement of head
  • Hemorraging in the carcinoma
  • Paralysis on the side of the body opposite to the tumor.

CNS Lymphoma: This disease targets the immune system of the body. Multiple tumors are formed in one of the cerebral hemispheres. Symptoms include:

  • Lethargy
  • Memory loss
  • Fatigue
  • Seizures
  • Localized hemiparesi
  • Confusion

Craniopharyngioma: It is a localized tumor occuring in children and in adolescents. It affects the the sellar region. Symptoms are:

  • Increased pressure inside the skull
  • Less vision
  • Obesity
  • Delayed development
  • A condition called papilledema

Dermoid cysts: Cysts are tumor like masses most affecting the spine. But there are cases of these tumors present in the brain too. Children below the age of 10 years are greatly affected by this tumor. Symptoms are not easily detected until the tumor becomes large enough. Swelling of the overies and skin cyst are couple of signs to be watched for.

Epidermoid cysts: They are common in the middle-aged adults. The cerebellopontine angle and the pituitary area are the two locations in the brain primarily affected with this tumor. Symptoms are:

  • Draining of a thick, yellow material from the cyst with a foul odour
  • Swelling, redness and tenderness around the cyst

Ependymoma: It mostly affects children and adolescents. Its symptoms are:

  • Hydrocephalus
  • Seizures
  • Increased pressure inside skull
  • Back pain
  • Headache
  • Papilloedema
  • Unsteadiness
  • Cognitive problems
  • Behavioural problems
  • Nausea
  • Dementia
  • Personality changes
  • Loss of bladder control
  • Vision problems
  • Cranial nerve paresis
  • Impaired memory
  • Speech problems
  • Numbness
  • Weakness
  • Motor dysfunction

Ganglioglioma: It is a rare tumor arising from a group of nerve cells called ganglia, affecting children and young adults mostly. The temporal lobe of the cerebral hemispheres is the location of this tumor. Some signs of this brain tumor are:

  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Speech problems
  • Abnormal eye movements
  • In-coordination
  • Drowsiness
  • Balance problems
  • Impaired memory
  • Increased pressure inside the skull
  • Abnormal sensations
  • Involuntary muscle movements
  • Speech problems

Glioblastoma Multiforme: It is the one of the most malignant and difficult brain tumor to treat. The tumor is a collection of wide variety of malignant cells. As a result if one treatment method kills a type of cell, other cell types take over the malignancy of brain. Depending upon the location of the centarl nervous system affected, the symptoms are:

  • Loss of vision
  • Headaches
  • Vomitting
  • Weakness
  • Numbness
  • Seizures

Hemangioblastoma: People belonging to the age group of 35-45 years are mostly affected by this tumr which targets the cerebellum. Symptoms include:

  • Balance problems
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Gait disturbance

Medulloblastoma: The cerebellum is the location of this tumor, second most common in children. It is an invasive tumor which spreads to other parts of the central nervous system through spinal cord. Some of the symptoms are:

  • Brain swelling
  • Irritability
  • Ataxic gait
  • Muscle weakness
  • Crossed eyes
  • Spasticity
  • Stiff neck muscles
  • Reflex changes

Oligodendroglioma: It represents 4 percent of primary brain tumors affecting the supportive tissues of the brain in the cerebral hemisphere. It occurs frequently in middle-aged people. Symptoms of this brain tumor are:

  • Movement changes
  • Sensation changes
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Increased pressure inside the skull

Pituitary Adenoma: It affects the pitutary gland of young and middle-aged people. Symptoms are:

  • Infertility in men
  • Loss of libido
  • Changes in menstruation
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Eye problems
  • Headaches
  • Production of milk in breasts though Women are not pregnant

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