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Bone Cancer Symptoms

Bone cancer refers to the cancerous growth of tissue in bone. Cancer that begins or starts in the bone is called primary bone cancer. Cancer that starts in other organ and then spreads to bone tissue is called secondary or metastatic bone cancer. The result is bone tumor which is a neoplastic growth of tissue in bone. Bone tumors can be benign and malignant. They are also called sarcomas or osteosarcomas.

The symptoms of bone cancer vary from one person to person and differ according to the location and size of the bone cancer. Here are few symptoms of bone cancer:

  • Pain in the bone: One of the most common of bone cancer symptoms is pain. The pain becomes severe with time. Initially, the pain may be present only at night or during some activity. With the growth of tumor the pain becomes perpetual.
  • A mass or lump may be felt either on the bone or in the tissues surrounding the bone
  • Weakness in bones leading to a fracture after little or no trauma or just from standing on the affected bone
  • Joint tenderness or inflammation

Some of the Non-specific symptoms of bone cancer are:

  • Fever and chills
  • Night sweats
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Anemia

Generally, bone cancer is secondary by nature. It originates in a particular location of the body and spreads to the bones. Primary bone cancer is rare and accounts for less than 1 percent of cancers. Every year, 2,300 new cases of this type of bone cancer are diagnosed in the United States. There are five types of primary bone cancer types. They are:

S.No. Type of Primary Bone Cancer Affected Age Group
1.
Osteosarcoma
10-19 years
2.
Chondrosarcoma
40 Years and Above
3.
The Ewing Sarcoma Family of Tumors
19 Years and Below
4.
Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma
50-70 Years
5.
Fibrosarcoma
Males between 30-40 Years

Osteosarcoma Bone Cancer Symptoms:

  • Pain and inflammation in the thigh, shin and upper arm
  • Worse type of pain in the bones during night time.
  • Swelling and tenderness of the joint
  • Fractures caused because of weak bones
  • Motion limited to certain range
  • Fever
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • anemia
  • Fatigue

Chondrosarcoma Bone Cancer Symptoms:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Firm lump in the thigh, ribs, humerus, shoulder and pelvis
  • Broken bone
  • Limited range of motion
  • Urinary frequency
  • Urinary obstruction

The Ewing Sarcoma Family of Tumors Symptoms:

  • Pain at the tumor site
  • Inflammation around the location of the tumor
  • Turning of the skin to red might happen
  • Fatigue
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Loss of bladder
  • Paralysis
  • Feelings of tingling and numbness

Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma Bone Cancer Symptoms:

  • Painless inflammation in the soft tissue
  • Limping
  • Difficulty experienced while part of limb is used
  • Pain caused by compressed nerves
  • Pain caused by compressed muscles

Fibrosarcoma Bone Cancer Symptoms:

  • Dilated Blood Vessels
  • Local pain
  • Local swelling
  • Local warmth

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