Bronchi are the tube that connects the wind pipe to the lungs. Bronchitis is caused when the thin lining of the bronchi becomes infected. In this disease the amount of air and oxygen that flows in the lungs decreases and causes heavy mucous in the airways.
Bronchitis can be either chronic or acute. The acute bronchitis occurs normally after an infection of cold or virus or after flu. The general symptoms of this can be green sputum, soreness or discomfort in the chest, shortness of breath and fever.
Chronic bronchitis can be recognized with mucous producing cough which is persistent, this is present on most of the days of the month and continues for years in similar fashion, and moreover varying degrees of difficulty in breathing can be noticed at various times in the year.
Causes Of Acute Bronchitis:
The causes of acute bronchitis can be:
- Acute bronchitis is the result of viral infection in lungs. It is the same infection which causes flu and cold.
- When this infection comes in contact with tobacco smoke or to pollutants or solvents it can cause acute bronchitis
- Even Gastroesophageal reflux disease can cause acute bronchitis.
Causes Of Chronic Bronchitis:
The causes of chronic bronchitis are:
- It is cause generally due smoking.
- Air pollution, dust, toxic gases, and other industrial fumes are all responsible for chronic bronchitis.
- Heavy and long term smoking of cigarettes irritates bronchial tubes and causes them to produce excess mucous.
- Chemical fumes, dust of coal or grains or smoke relieved during metal extraction can all result in chronic bronchitis. This disease is caused due to prolonged exposure to any one of them.