Anemia is a condition where either there is an abnormally low number of red blood cells circulating in the body or there is below-normal levels of haemoglobin in the red blood cells. Red blood cells and haemoglobin are responsible for transporting oxygen throughout the body. As a result there is lack of oxygen supply to tissues of the body.
The most common symptom of anemia is fatigue (feeling tired or weak). If you have anemia, it may seem hard to find the energy to do normal activities.
Symptoms of anemia may include:
- Shortness of breath
- Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
- Difficulty sleeping
- Difficulty concentrating
- Palpitations (feeling of the heart racing or beating irregularly)
Some of the symptoms of Severe Anemia may include:
- Chest pain, angina, or heart attack
- Fainting or passing out
- Rapid heart rate
Common Signs of Anemia are:
- Pale and cold skin
- The normally red lining of the mouth and eyelids fades in color
- Abnormal menstruation (either absence of periods or increased bleeding)
- Change in stool color, including black and tarry stools
- Enlargement of the spleen with certain causes of anemia
Other signs depend on the cause of the anemia. These can include spoon-shaped finger nails and toenails in iron-deficiency anemia, mild jaundice and leg ulcers.
Complications Due to Anemia Symptoms in Women:
- Nearly 400 million women are affected all over the world.
- Along with chronic disease suffers, women are at higher risks of suffering of this disease.
- Women require more iron in their diet than men. This requirement is even more increased during pregnancy period as lot of blood is lost during menstruation.
- Symptoms of low red blood cells are initial neglected by women as they are not severe initially.
- Moreover, these symptoms develop from being mild, moderate and severe over a period of time.
- When the body gives finally give ups to the condition, it leads to complications like infertility and premature delivery.
- Women using menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) require more iron and poor nutrition can be detrimental to the health.
- Use of intrauterine devices (IUD) cause excess bleeding raising chances of anemia.
- Peptic ulcer disease or colon cancer, chronic inflammatory conditions like rheumatoid arthritis) suppress bone marrow. Since bone marrow is the organ which produces the red blood cells, its suppression can increase the risk of anemia symptoms in women.
- Inherited defects like sickle cell anemia, are also among the complication which are associated with this disease in women.
Anemia Symptoms in Babies and Children:
According to the University of Michigan Health System, new born babies are at risks of developing anemia within the first six weeks. It is because during this period they do not develop the ability to create new red blood cells. Some symptoms to observe in babies during this period for anemia are:
- Reduced growth rate
- Pale skin
- Fast heart rate
- Fast breathing rate
- Frequent breath holding