AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. AIDS is a disease that makes it difficult for the body to fight off infectious diseases. AIDS is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus known as HIV. This virus infects and damages the body’s defense mechanism against infections.
AIDS Early Symptoms and Signs
Some people experience signs and symptoms of Aids as soon as they become infected with HIV Virus, while others do not. They are often mistaken for flu or a mild viral infection. Some of the early signs and symptoms of Aids include:
- Enlarged lymph nodes (neck, armpits and groin)
AIDS Late-Stage Symptoms
Some of the signs and symptoms of later stages of AIDS, which Center for Disease Control (CDC) gives them as the warning signs of infection of HIV, are:
- Rapid weight loss
- Dry cough
- Recurring fever or profuse night sweats
- Profound and unexplained fatigue
- Swollen lymph glands in the armpits, groin, or neck
- Diarrhoea that lasts for more than a week
- White spots or unusual blemishes on the tongue, in the mouth, or in the throat
- Red, brown, pink, or purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids
- Memory loss, depression, and other neurological disorders
HIV destroys white blood cells that are required to fight infection. As the white cell count falls to dangerous levels infections and diseases emerge. It is at this point that a person is said to have AIDS, Acquired immune deficiency syndrome.
AIDS Symptoms in Men:
Fatigue: When the count of white blood cells is low, the disease resistant system of our body, technically called the immune system does not function properly. This leads to development of infections and disorders. Constant fatigue is one of the most relevant symptoms of these disorders in their initial stages.
Weight Loss: In a person suffering from AIDS, the number of unhealthy cells out-number the healthy cells. As a result, a major part of the nourishment provided to the body is consumed by the unhealthy cells. Lack of availability of nourishment leads to loss of weight in patients.
Fever: Mild to moderate fever lasting for a period of 2 weeks can be experienced by the men. Headache accompanies this fever. It is generally confused to be either flu or cold.
Diarrhoea: It is one of the later signs of this disorder in men.
Swollen Glands: Swelling of the lymph glands is a common symptom of AIDS. These organs are an important part of the immune system responsible for producing various types of white blood cells. In the body of a patient suffering from AIDS, there is an excess demand of white blood cells. Continuous production of these cells swollen the lymph glands as they get tired.
Rash: Red patch on the skin is some times noticed in the body as a signs of this disease.
AIDS Symptoms in Women:
Vaginal Infections: Ulcers, genital warts, abnormal pap smears, swelling of pelvic region, chronic infections in the vagina are common in younger women.
Menstrual Cycles: HIV infection can lead to disruption of menstrual cycle. It initially begins with a miss in the periods and ends with no periods at all. Women with normal periods in their past can get this infection if they miss their periods off late.
Intestinal Complications: Common conditions like diarrhea and loss of appetite in the intestine can lead to unexplainable weight loss in women.