ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is the common behavioral disorder that starts during childhood. It not only affects children – people of all ages can suffer from ADHD. Psychiatrists say ADHD is a neurobehavioral developmental disorder characterized by excessive inattentiveness, impulsiveness and hyperactivity.
ADHD Symptoms in Children:
- The children often have difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities and do not seem to listen when spoken to directly
- They do not follow through on instructions and fail to finish schoolwork and have difficulty in organizing tasks and activities.
- They are often forgetful in daily activities and loose things necessary for tasks or activities. For e.g. toys, school assignments, pencils, books, or tools.
- The child leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated is expected.
- The child always behaves restlessly and always runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which it is inappropriate.
ADHD Symptoms in Adults:
- Some of the traits of adult with ADHD include erratic behavior, extreme procrastination, disorganization, chronic lateness and forgetfulness
- The person talks excessively with a tendency to interrupt others and/or speak too loudly.
- Has a bad driving record with more often accidents, with a history of speeding tickets or other problems.
- Have difficulties in establishing stable household routines and problems with managing time and money.
- The person with ADHD often complains of insomnia, anger control problems, mood instability, low self esteem and depression.
- The person is often addicted to alcohol and other substances. He has a very dynamic mood shift with general emotional overreaction.
Statistics of ADHD Symptoms, Subtypes and Associated Disorders:
- It is the most commonly studied and diagnosed psychiatric disorder in children.
- Nearly 3 – 5 percent of children all over the world are affected with this disorder whose cause is unknown yet.
- It is diagnosed mostly in 2 – 16 percent of school children.
- Boys are two – four times at higher risks of being diagnosed with this disorder when compared to girls.
- Nearly 30 – 50 percent of children diagnosed with this chronic disorder happen to carry this problem to their adulthood as well.
- In the United states, 4.7 percent adults are estimated to be affected by this disorder.
- Researchers believe that in 75 percent of ADHD cases, genes have a vital role to play in the origin of the symptoms.
- 35 percent children develop oppositional defiant disorder and 26 percent of them are diagnosed with conduct disorder. Both of these disorders are the primary subtypes of ADHD in children.
- 50 percent of children suffering from these two above mentioned disorders carry ADHD to their adulthood.
- Bipolar disorder is one of the many associated disorders with ADHD. 25 percent children with ADHD have this form of depression.
- Mood disorders are more common in boys suffering from this mental condition than girls.
- A diagnosis of the symptoms of ADHD is 3–4 times more likely to be accurate when it is based upon the DSM-IV criteria rather than the ICD-10 criteria.
- The DSM- IV criteria for ADHD symptoms are mentioned by the American Psychiatric Association in their fourth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).