What is heat stress?, What is heat stroke?

Heat stress, also known as heat stroke, is generally seen in the elderly people. The body gets heated and this causes heat stroke. At times, it can lead to damage of organs or even death. People who work in high humidity, direct physical contact with hot objects, high air temperature and radiant heat source also have a higher chance of getting the heat stroke. Such kind of places includes iron and steel foundries, bakeries, rubber factories, glass plants, laundries etc.

Identifying heat stress
People may get a heat stroke when they stay outside in unprotected atmosphere for a long time. The body temperature rises and this leads to exhaustion. The person experiences a hike in body temperature more than 40 degree centigrade in 10 to 15 minutes. The symptoms are red, hot and dry skin with no sweating, rapid pulse, headache, slurred speech, dizziness and eventual unconsciousness. In this condition he/she should get immediate care.

Treating the heat
Following are the few ways to treat a heat stroke:

  • Moving to a shaded area
  • Moving to air conditioned area
  • Drinking cool water and nonalcoholic drinks
  • Spraying cold water to his/her face and clothes
  • Taking a cold shower
  • Wrapping with a cool wet cloth
  • Fanning the person

If a person is affected with heat stroke, check the pulse and call for emergency help or ambulance if required.

Heat Stroke Prevention:
Following are some tips to prevent heat stroke:

  • Ask the doctor about the quantity of water that the person should take at a time.
  • Always wear cotton clothes to balance the heat.
  • Prefer cool places to relax and to regain energy.
  • Spend some time chilling out in air conditioned shopping malls or reading rooms.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol.

Others who are at risk

  • Apart from elderly people, pregnant women, small children, people on medication for mental illness, people with heart diseases and high blood pressure are at risk of a heat stroke.
  • Always keep in mind that heat stroke is a life threatening emergency. But it can be avoided by taking the above precautions in your daily life.

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